Monday, April 24, 2006

Darfur

I said I had a Darfur post in me. This is it. Reading Eddie's Live from the FDNF inspired me to write this post.

Backdrop. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan has called Darfur "the world's worst humanitarian crisis." Since early 2003, the people of Sudan's western Darfur region have experienced a brutal government-coordinated scorched earth campaign against civilians belonging to the same ethnicity as members of two rebel movements, the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). Officials of the UN World Food Program (WFP) say nearly 1.2 million people currently need food and medical aid in the Darfur region. Peace talks between Sudan's government and these rebel movements operating in the Darfur province show little sign of ending the violence.

The Sudanese Government's Campaign. Two key elements comprise this campaign. Both had had devastating consequences for civilians in the region.

The rebels say the government is oppressing black Africans in favor of Arabs. Some of these Arab nomadic tribes have been involved in past clashes with the farming communities branded as supportive of the rebels.

Campaign Purpose. Some 1.2 million people need food aid, or have fled their homes and at least 180,000 are thought to have died since the conflict began. To end the conflict in this arid and impoverished region of the world a US-led coalition will have to:

Sudanese officials have largely dismissed international pressure in the past. According to a Human Rights Watch report, the Sudanese government blocked international access to Darfur from November 2003 to February 2004, exacerbating starvation and disease and worsening the crisis. However, under threat of stronger punitive action, the president of Sudan will probably agree to not interfere with this effort. However, renegade elements of the Sudanese military, including the Sudan Air Force (SAF) and some ground force commanders will probably defy Khartoun's instructions. These commanders will become high-value targets if they interfere. Musa Hilal, the leader of the Janjaweed militia widely suspected of ordering a large number of atrocities in Darfur will probably interfere with humanitarian efforts. He will become a high-value target and the 16 known Janjaweed bases will have to be neutralized if they decide to interfere with the international efforts.

The wishes of the coalition will be to enforce disengagement and support humanitarian efforts with a minimum of force, and will only engage Sudanese military forces that directly threaten the humanitarian mission.

Campaign Direction. To achieve our purposes we will probably have to:

Desired Conclusions.

That's all for now.

Here's a list of some of my references:


Comments:
Keep fighting the good fight, brother!
 
Reading "High Value Targets" & "Janjaweed" in the same paragraph just makes me want to cheer.

Perhaps a correction?
"Opening of LOC from Ethiopia to refugee camps in northwest Darfur"

Perhaps you mean Libya or Chad? Ethiopia is on the eastern side of Sudan, near Eastern Sudan, where its likely the next ethnic cleansing campaign will unfold if the rebellion there begins to eat into Sudan's oil revenues.

Awesome post though, thanks a lot for taking the time to read about it, study it and then make a detailed, engaging post.

I'll gladly be a gun-toting sailor for a year for the chance to serve with the Coalition forces that go to Dar Fur, if that ever would happen (which sadly I doubt it will).
 
Eddie,

Thanks for the comments. Read Part 2 for answers to your questions.

Ben,

Thanks for stopping by. Like your blog. The Dr. Eckleberg post was funny.

Sonny
 
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